One particular advantage of biomass distinguishes it from the other renewable energies: biomass is storable over longer periods (many months or years) and can be made available or used for energy generation, according to demand.
However, not only the resource base is diverse – the energy sources obtained from it, the processes of conversion and the forms of final energy are also characterised by a wide variety: biomass is available in solid, liquid and gaseous form, for heat, electricity and biofuels. Energy can be sourced from biomass, using the most diverse range of technologies and processes and spanning the broadest spectrum of energy-output categories.
Bioenergy in the form of heat is supplied, for instance, by stoves and pellet boilers in private homes. Biogenic heat is also produced by steam generators in industry and businesses, fired by wood chips sourced from forest waste wood, as well as wood-fuelled heating plants used to supply heating to villages and towns/ cities.
Bioenergy is produced by electricity generation from used wood and industrial waste wood in biomass power plants, and also by co-firing of biomass pellets in coal-fired power stations.
Bioenergy is biogas from agricultural biogas plants: it is very versatile in its use for heat and electricity, direct at the plant or distributed via the natural gas grid, or used as fuel – depending on the mode of processing and the conversion procedure.
Rapeseed oil pressed at farms and used as fuel for tractors is also bioenergy, as are biodiesel and bioethanol, proportionally admixed to diesel fuels and petroleum by the petroleum industry.
Not least, energy generated from municipal organic waste, sewage gas and landfill gas is included in the bioenergy category.