The transitions to economic sustainability are fluid, not firmly fixed, particularly from the regional-development aspect. Bioenergy brings with it a high degree of potential for social sustainability, especially for rural areas. Pure “dormitory villages”, whose inhabitants commute to work in urban centres and leave their energy supply to major companies and energy suppliers from distant countries, become self-sufficient regional producers. Localities gain new vitality, new jobs emerge in small and medium-sized companies as well as in agriculture and forestry. Private individuals, companies and municipalities get involved in an economic sense, and consequently social cohesion grows. All of this leads to a sense of having a greater stake in society and to peaceful social relations, without which there cannot be sustainability in the long term.