Advantages in terms of sustainability
Sustainability includes more than one level, as is made clear in the definition of the “three-column model”: this indicates that sustainability has an environmental, an economic and a social component. Putting it simply, the best environmental concept cannot be sustainable if it is unaffordable and/or it cannot be harmonised with the social needs of the parties involved. In that case there would be no overall sustainability. Accordingly, many facets need to be taken into account when considering the sustainability of bioenergy.
What is initially in the focus is environmental sustainability of bioenergy.
But use of biomass also needs to be economically viable.
Finally bioenergy brings with it a high degree of potential for social sustainability, especially for rural areas.
The figure below shows the interlocked components that have an effect on the energy sector.
A video explains in detail the relation between energy and sustainability.